Stats & Facts

White-tailed deer

White-tailed deer specs:

Name for male, female, and young

Buck, Doe, Fawn

Female adult weight

weight icon 150 lbs toolip question mark

Male adult weight

weight icon 220 lbs toolip question mark

Neonate weight

weight icon 8 lbs toolip question mark

Young to adult size ratio

weight ratio icon 1:19 toolip question mark

Male to female size ratio

weight ratio icon 1.5:1 toolip question mark

Age range

icon calendar 16 toolip question mark

Geriatric age

Geriatric icon 12 toolip question mark

Weapons

Shield icon Antlers toolip question mark

Average number of offspring

DNA icon 2 toolip question mark

Max number of offspring

DNA icon 5 toolip question mark

Length of gestation

DNA icon 202 days toolip question mark

Timing of parturition (i.e., birth)

calendar icon with question mark Mid May to mid June toolip question mark

Age of first reproduction

icon sprerm and embryo 1 toolip question mark

Timing of rut

icon sprerm and embryo First two weeks of November toolip question mark

Social or solitary

toolip question mark

Hider or follower

 toolip question mark

Harem holder or tending bond

toolip question mark

Browser or grazer

toolip question mark

Primary summer food

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa), clover (Melilotus or Trifolium spp.), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) toolip question mark

Primary winter food

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa), corn (Zea maystoolip question mark

 

Migration strategy

Map icon Largely non-migratory, with some that undergo short, facultative migrations toolip question mark

Primary predator

predator icon Mountain lion, coyote, wolf toolip question mark

Common disease(s)

disease icon Chronic wasting disease (CWD), epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD), adenovirus hemorrhagic disease (AHD) toolip question mark

Winter habitat

lower elevation icon Wooded river bottoms, prairie, agricultural lands  toolip question mark

Summer habitat

mountain icon Mixed-forest, open meadows, agricultural lands toolip question mark

Icon credits: DNA by LAFS from the Noun Project, Food Chain by James Keane from the Noun Project

White-tailed deer

Pubs!

Make a pub(lications) crawl through our recent findings:

LaSharr, T. N., R. A. Long, J. R. Heffelfinger, V. C. Bleich, P. R. Krausman, R. T. Bowyer, J. M. Shannon, E. M. Rominger, C. P. Lehman, M. Cox, and K. L. Monteith. 2019. Biological relevance of antler, horn, and pronghorn size in records programs. Journal of Mammalogy.
Bighorn sheep outline Mule Deer pronghorn Moose White-tailed deer Elk

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Species distribution:

White-tailed deer live in various habitats throughout most North America.
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